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Cannabis Tincture, Salve, Butter and oil Recipes

The following recipes come from the Vancouver Island Compassion Society. Please note that not all state medical cannabis laws allow for cannabis concentrates. Where they do not, manufacture or possession of these substances usually carries serious penalties. Be sure to check the legal guidelines for you state (state and federal law).


VICS Cannamist/Tincture

ecipe and Instructions on How to Convert THCA Into THC

A tincture is an alcohol-base solution of a non-volatile medicine (in this case cannabis). In this case alcohol is not only the solvent used to separate cannabinoids from the plant matter, it is what makes this type of application (particularly in fine-mist form) more bio-available and therefore effective.

In whole-plant cannabis, THC content is expressed as THCA (tetrahydrocannabolic acid) prior to decarboxilation into THC, which takes place when cannabis is heated during cooking, and smoked or vaporized ingestion. THCA is a mild analgesic and anti-inflammatory but does not have good affinity with our CB1 receptors, so in order to make a THC-rich tincture that has many of the same therapeutic effects as smoked ingestion (including rapid absorption, quick relief and ease of self-titration), we must convert the THCA in the plant matter into THC prior to extracting it through an alcohol soak.


  • Converted cannabis
  • Alcohol (50% is preferred, but 40% vodka works just fine)
  • Organic mint
  • Organic honey
  • Large mason jar, x 2
  • Cheesecloth or fine mesh sieve



Dry heat conversion of THCA into THC:

  1. Preheat oven to 325°F (160°C) exactly (use an oven thermometer to be sure).
  2. Spread cannabis leaf or bud in a thin, 1 inch (2.5 cm) layer on a clean cookie sheet.
  3. Put in the oven until the first of smoke or 5 minutes, whichever is first, remove, and transfer to glass or ceramic container to cool.

Tincture/Cannamist Recipe:

  1. Pack a mason jar loosely but completely with converted cannabis product.
  2. Add alcohol until the jar is full.
  3. Seal, shake and put in a dark, cool place.
  4. After week 1, strain mixture through cheesecloth or fine mesh sieve and add to another mason jar packed with converted cannabis and a few sprigs of fresh organic mint.
  5. After week 2, strain mixture through cheesecloth or fine mesh sieve into mason jar.
  6. Add organic honey to taste.
  7. Shake/mix and then decant into bottles fitted with fine mist spray tops.



Initial Dosage: Spray two times on the inside of the cheek, and wait 30 seconds before swallowing. Wait ten minutes and if desired effect has not been reached, repeat on the opposite cheek. Wait ten minutes, and repeat until desired effect is achieved. Dosage will vary between users, but should remain fairly constant once established.

Effect will last for between 1-2 hours. Repeat use as needed.

If you feel dizzy or disoriented, immediately discontinue use. Do not operate heavy machinery or drive during use of this product.

The VICS Cannabis Oil Recipe

Makes about 2.6 Litres of oil.


  • 224 grams good quality organic cannabis shake (trim), or roughly 40 grams of bud
  • Slow cooker
  • Cheese cloth
  • Silkscreen, min. 200+ thread count per inch
  • 3 Litres Extra Virgin Olive Oil
  • Colander or strainer



  1. Put cannabis into slow cooker and add olive oil.
  2. Turn slow cooker onto High for 2 hours, and then turn down to Low for an additional 3.5 hours.
  3. ** If one wishes a stronger product, add fresh cannabis to the previously heated oil left in the slow cooker and top up oil to cover the cannabis; keep cooking on low heat overnight or up to two days.
  4. Strain oil, as warm as possible, through cheese cloth, then strain through silkscreen.
  5. The oil is ready to use as is. It will keep for up to 3 months.


Cannabis oil can have a very narcotic effect. It is recommended that you do not drive or perform difficult tasks after consumption.

The VICS Cannabutter Recipe


  • Good quality organic cannabis:
    – 14 grams of bud or 76 grams of shake (trim) per 454 grams (1 lb.) of butter
  • 6 to 8 Litre (1.5 gallon) capacity boiling pot, or crock pot
  • Fine mesh strainer, or colander, or large coffee filter, or nylon stockings
  • Large refrigerator-safe pot



If using a pot on the stove:

  1. Fill a 6 to 8 litre pot with cold water and bring to boil
  2. Add butter.
  3. Add cannabis.
  4. Mix.
  5. Lower heat and simmer for 2 to 3 hours, stirring occasionally (add water if necessary).

If using a 6 litre crock pot:

  1. Fill crock pot with 2 litres of water.
  2. Add butter and cannabis.
  3. Turn crock pot on to high (roughly 180 degrees F (82 degrees C), maximum 200 degrees F (93 degrees C)) for 4 to 5 hours, stirring occasionally.


  1. Strain out liquid into refrigerator-safe bowl using fine strainer, large coffee filter or even nylons. Squeeze butter out of remaining leaf (wear gloves, the leaf is hot!). Discard strained leaf.
  2. Let liquid cool and then put into refrigerator overnight. Butter will separate from water and form a hard crust on surface of liquid.
  3. Lift out butter crust and put into large mixing bowl. Cream and fold butter using a large metal or wooden spoon. Discard remaining liquid.

Butter is ready to use as is. It will keep in freezer up to 3 months. When baking with cannabutter select recipes with short, low-heat (below 163 degrees C or 325 degrees F) cooking instructions (like cookies) or else the cannabinoids will break down while cooking.

Products baked with cannabutter will take effect within 30 to 90 minutes from initial ingestion. For maximum effect, ingest on an empty stomach. Cannabis butter can have a very strong narcotic effect. It is recommended that you do not drive or perform difficult tasks after eating cannabutter products.